By Anna Pulley
By Erin Sherbert
By Chris Roberts
By Erin Sherbert
By Rachel Swan
By Joe Eskenazi
By Erin Sherbert
By Erin Sherbert
Between the efforts of U.S. Sen. Dianne Feinstein and state Rep. Don Perata of Oakland, the Bay Area is leading a nationwide charge toward gun control that has the National Rifle Association and other gun proponents going downright ballistic.
Perata is sponsoring state gun control legislation that has cycled throughout both chambers of the Statehouse without passing, and is now under negotiation with the governor. Feinstein is drafting national legislation that would ban the import of high-capacity ammunition clips for semiautomatic weapons.
Both actions are attempts to heal old wounds.
Back in 1989, California passed the Roberti-Roos Weapons Control Act, which banned specific guns by make and model. But it didn't take long for gun manufacturers to begin making "copycat" models that were essentially identical to those on the banned list, with the exception of having different names and/or model numbers. Under the law, the attorney general could go to court to add weapons to the banned list and combat copycatters. But in March, a state appeals court invalidated provisions of the law that allowed the list of taboo weapons to be expanded.
A similar loophole arose on the federal level. A 1994 law authored by Feinstein banned the domestic manufacture and sale of 19 specific models of assault rifles and the future manufacture and sale of ammunition magazines that hold more than 10 rounds. But a "grandfather clause" allowed the sale of such magazines manufactured before the ban was enacted, as well as those made in another country.
Memorable, murderous rampages -- including the 1993 shootings at 101 California and the recent schoolyard slaughter in Arkansas -- have fueled the gun control debate. Yet, they are rare, high-profile incidents, not the routine murder on city streets that gun control purportedly aims to reduce.
What follows is the step-by-step progress, from birth to death, of an American-made, semiauto-matic rifle used in one of the most violent (but largely unpublicized) crime sprees in recent Bay Area history. The rifle -- a .223-caliber Ruger Mini-14 -- is not on the list of weapons banned by current state or federal law.
Perata's gun control bill has been a pingpong ball, moving to the state Senate, where the definition of assault rifles was amended, and then back to the Assembly, where those amendments were narrowly defeated. Supporters are now negotiating with Gov. Pete Wilson's office over what type of gun control bill he might sign into law. If Perata's gun control bill, which bans assault rifles based on generic characteristics, is passed in its original form, the modified Mini-14 will be outlawed. But there is no guarantee Wilson will sign gun control legislation this year.
Feinstein is now creating a bill that would ban the sale of all ammunition magazines holding more than 10 rounds. The NRA's strength on Capitol Hill, however, is legendary; the prospects for Feinstein's legislation are dim.
Last month, President Clinton issued an executive order that bans the import of 58 military-style assault weapons, saying that because those guns accept high-capacity, detachable ammunition clips, they cannot be meant solely for sporting uses. The president's administrative action promises a showdown in Congress, where some Republicans have already vowed to hold up major budget items, including disaster relief, until Clinton lifts the ban.
1) Born in Connecticut
Strum, Ruger & Co. Inc. began making guns in a building near the Southport, Conn., railroad station in 1949. The company's first gun was an auto-loading target pistol, which sold for $37.50. It was designed by William Ruger, who had configured guns for the United States government until 1940, when he sold the design for a machine gun and used the proceeds to branch out on his own.
Fellow gun collector Alex Strum invested $50,000 to help start the company. It has been profitable every year since, and by 1960 was the most profitable company in the history of the industry. Strum, Ruger went public in 1969 and began trading on the New York Stock Exchange in 1990. The price of the company's stock has more than quadrupled since. Its motto: "Arms Makers for Responsible Sportsmen."
Ruger's line grew from pistols to include revolvers and rifles. In 1969, the company began making double-action .38 and .357 Magnum revolvers for law enforcement. In 1973, Ruger invented its single-action revolvers utilizing automatic safety features. The same year, Strum, Ruger & Co. introduced the Mini-14 sporting carbine.
And sometime in the late 1980s, Ruger made one particular Mini-14, semiautomatic rifle that would fall into the hands of a few of the Bay Area's most violent criminals.
4) The Buyer
Richmond resident Thomas Kilgore III purchased two identical Mini-14 rifles from Led by Lead on July 5, 1990. Kilgore completed a firearms transaction record, passed federal firearm purchase requirements at the time, and left with the two weapons in one transaction. Though he never reported the theft, Kilgore would later tell authorities that the guns were stolen.
5) Marvin Gets Fired Up
From December 1990 through January 1991, notorious drug dealer Marvin "One-Eyed" Johnson (police reports do not say how he lost the eye) and his chief lieutenant, Willie "Red" McClure, led a violent rampage through Richmond. They bombed three homes, committed seven drive-by shootings, killed one person, and severely injured several more, including one man who was shot four times. Witnesses would later testify that Johnson wanted to "take back Richmond" from competitors he believed were infringing on his drug profits. A criminal investigation led by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms turned up several weapons used in the shooting spree. Among those weapons was one of the Ruger Mini-14s purchased by Thomas Kilgore III.