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Backstage at the War Memorial Opera House, manager of fabric props Dawn Roth shows off her handiwork: a richly textured, red velvet altar cloth for Verdi's Nabucco that is resplendent with gold trim, metal rivets, and multicolored glass jewels. "You won't notice any of these details when it's far away," she admits, "but they just give it a good richness and lushness that make it look, you know, like something somebody would have built for God."
San Francisco Opera's new production of Nabucco, which opened last week and is directed by the opera's general director, Lotfi Mansouri, is easily the most lavish production of the season -- and of many seasons past. A story of power and prophecy in ancient Jerusalem and Babylon, Nabucco is firmly rooted in the 19th-century tradition of grand opera -- high drama set in high style. By contrast, the opera's scenery shop in Potrero Hill is a more mundane backdrop. "This is called Siberia, because it's dark and cold," says a laughing Jack Kostelnik, carpentry shop foreman. "From here back," he continues, waving his hand, "is all scenery that's stored -- about 35 operas." The scenery shop is one of only four such shops in the entire country. "Most opera companies find it more convenient to bid their scenery out and get prices," he explains. "One of the reasons why S.F. Opera likes to have their own shop is that we can provide immediate results."
In addition to the 80,000-square-foot warehouse on Indiana Street -- 10,000 square feet of which is shop space for building sets -- the opera has a second warehouse on Cesar Chavez Street that houses props and electrical equipment, and also runs a warehouse on Toland Street where the remainder of the 75-plus operas in the San Francisco repertory are stored. According to Kostelnik, the warehouses produce about 10 operas a year, including touring productions for the Western Opera Company. "We also do a lot of refurbishing and repainting of old sets, to make them look fresh. We use some of them for more than 20 years. [Un Ballo en Maschera] has been here since 1975, and we still have the 1932 Tosca. And we keep them until they get replaced by something else."
The sets must be trucked from the Potrero scenery shop to the downtown opera house, and they are built with that in mind. But although considered a new San Francisco Opera production, Nabucco was created in collaboration with the Teatro Bellini di Catania in Italy, which designed and built the set to suit their needs -- not those of the S.F. Opera. The set, which arrived here in 14 40-foot-long shipping containers, was not what one could call "truckable."
"Europeans do things differently," explains Kostelnik. "Most European theaters don't keep scenery like we do. They do an entire run of an opera, and then they tear it down and throw it away. In Catania," he continues, "this set was so big that it took up the whole theater -- so they just nailed it to the walls. Then they did their production, and they took it down. And we just can't do that, because we have a different show to put on tomorrow night."
But you'd never guess Teatro Bellini hadn't planned to save the set from looking at its design, which features enormous columns with etched brickwork and meticulously carved bases, as well as an elaborately rendered trompe l'oeil mosaic floor. "We can't afford to do productions like that here," says Jay Kotcher, S.F. Opera's scenic artist in charge. "They have a very high level of funding from the state and national government. So they don't have to count on fund-raising like we do."
Not only did the massive production need to be reconfigured to work on the War Memorial Opera House stage, as well as to fit into the repertory, but by the time the set reached San Francisco, parts of it were in need of some serious refurbishing. "It was quite a big job," says Kotcher. "We worked on Nabucco for about three months, with a carpenter crew of seven or eight people and three or four painters. And at that time we were working on about seven productions -- so we had people working in every corner and outside."
When working on new productions, Kostelnik and Kotcher do their best to anticipate staging problems well before summer technical rehearsals begin -- though they admit they're often left out of the decision-making loop. "When we look at a future production," says Kostelnik, "we'll ask the director something like, 'How do they get onstage during the first act?' And they'll say, 'Oh, stop it, Jack, you're being stupid again. They open the door.' But how do 80 people go through a door at once? You have to pay attention to what they say, because they tend to gloss over the things they don't want you to know. But all that little information means something to us."
Lighting director Thomas Munn coordinates a lot of that "little information." In addition to focusing and refocusing hundreds of lights per show with his crew, he is also in charge of special effects, which in this production includes a spectacular final scene in which lightning strikes a 30-foot-tall idol that then splits apart and falls to the ground. "In the last Nabucco we did, back in 1987," he says, "the walls of the set crumbled to the ground. This version is far more elegant."
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