Timeline: A History of Oakland Police's Crowd-Control Policy

Jan. 22, 2003: The City of Oakland pays $10.9 million in the Allen v. City of Oakland (Riders case) settlement to 119 plaintiffs who alleged police misconduct.

April 7, 2003: At an anti-war protest at the Port of Oakland, at least 57 demonstrators, including Sri Louise Coles and longshoremen, are injured.

June 26, 2003: Sri Louise Coles, the longshoremen's union, and other plaintiffs file suit against the city, setting in motion the beginnings of OPD's crowd-control policy.
Photograph by Paul Sakuma/AP Photo

Aug. 20, 2003: The District Court appoints an independent monitoring team to oversee the reforms required by the Riders settlement.

Oct. 28, 2005: The OPD crowd-control policy is finalized on Dec. 20, 2004, and issued in a training bulletin by the OPD.

Dec. 28, 2007: Federal court oversight of the crowd-control policy expires.

Jan. 1, 2009: Oscar Grant is killed. His death sparks protests and riots in Oakland.
Photograph by AP Photo/Los Angeles County Superior Court

Nov. 5, 2010: in the killing of Oscar Grant. OPD unlawfully arrests approximately 150 demonstrators.

June 13, 2011: In Spalding et al v. City of Oakland, the National Lawyers Guild files suit on behalf of the 150 arrested demonstrators.

Oct. 25, 2011: OPD clears the Occupy Oakland encampment at Frank Ogawa Plaza, resulting in injuries and unlawful arrests.
Photograph courtesy of Max Stiers

Nov. 2, 2011: OPD responds violently to an Occupy Oakland "General Strike" protest: Suzi Spangenberg is hit with grenades and shot with less-lethal munitions; Scott Campbell is shot in the upper thigh with a beanbag round; Kayvan Sabeghi is beaten.

Nov. 14, 2011: The NLG and the ACLU file suit on behalf of those injured and arrested on the nights of Oct. 25 and Nov. 2.
Photograph by Geoffrey King

Jan. 24, 2012: The District Court finds OPD has failed to comply with the terms of the Riders settlement. OPD is on the brink of federal receivership; the department is stripped of independence and put under direct supervision and control of a compliance director, Thomas Frazier.

Jan. 28, 2012: OPD arrests 400 demonstrators. A case filed on behalf of those arrested is ongoing.

June 14, 2012: OPD's compliance director Frazier releases an investigative report into the department's response to Occupy Oakland, criticizing OPD's crowd-control and use-of-force practices.

June 24, 2013: Spalding et al v. City of Oakland settles for $1.025 million.

July 3, 2013: Campbell et al v. City of Oakland settles for $1.17 million. As part of the Spalding and Campbell settlements, the crowd-control policy is placed back under court supervision for four years, which can be expanded to seven years if violations occur.

My Voice Nation Help

"Nov. 5, 2010: in the killing of Oscar Grant. OPD unlawfully arrests approximately 150 demonstrators." Is there a typo in there?

Also, on January 28th, it was over 400 arrests, not an even 400. 

Lastly, this omits another dimension of this mess: repeated mistreatment of jailed protesters by the Alameda County Sheriff's Deputies who run the jails.


National Institute of Justice: ~ Five Things Law Enforcement Executives Can Do To Make A Difference. http://nij.gov/five-things

DoD study on random polygraphs for personnel. http://t.co/Tr7uafTd    

CBP could require current employees to undergo polygraphs. http://t.co/MpPsmq2p

Make policy that polygraphs for all new hires expire every 2-5yrs. http://shar.es/epfm2

California laws strengthened wall of silence among officers. http://shar.es/lITUZ

The honest, brave officers with integrity deserve better.

And so does the public.

Wherever you are in the World, in your own jurisdictions, in your own capacity, you can do something, anything, just one thing. And make a difference.

Break the code. Break the culture.

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