The father of modern French pastry is often considered Marie-Antoine Carême, a chef in the early 19th century who baked Napoleon's wedding cake, pioneered vibrant window displays in the patisseries of Paris, and is widely credited with inventing nougat and meringue. Carême, in turn, was only advancing the innovations of French and Italian bakers during the Renaissance, who were working from ideas brought back to medieval Europe by Crusaders who'd seen layered filo sweets like baklava... More >>>