Timeline: A History of Oakland Police's Crowd-Control Policy

Jan. 22, 2003: The City of Oakland pays $10.9 million in the Allen v. City of Oakland (Riders case) settlement to 119 plaintiffs who alleged police misconduct.

April 7, 2003: At an anti-war protest at the Port of Oakland, at least 57 demonstrators, including Sri Louise Coles and longshoremen, are injured.

June 26, 2003: Sri Louise Coles, the longshoremen's union, and other plaintiffs file suit against the city, setting in motion the beginnings of OPD's crowd-control policy.
Photograph by Paul Sakuma/AP Photo

Aug. 20, 2003: The District Court appoints an independent monitoring team to oversee the reforms required by the Riders settlement.

Oct. 28, 2005: The OPD crowd-control policy is finalized on Dec. 20, 2004, and issued in a training bulletin by the OPD.

Dec. 28, 2007: Federal court oversight of the crowd-control policy expires.

Jan. 1, 2009: Oscar Grant is killed. His death sparks protests and riots in Oakland.
Photograph by AP Photo/Los Angeles County Superior Court

Nov. 5, 2010: in the killing of Oscar Grant. OPD unlawfully arrests approximately 150 demonstrators.

June 13, 2011: In Spalding et al v. City of Oakland, the National Lawyers Guild files suit on behalf of the 150 arrested demonstrators.

Oct. 25, 2011: OPD clears the Occupy Oakland encampment at Frank Ogawa Plaza, resulting in injuries and unlawful arrests.
Photograph courtesy of Max Stiers

Nov. 2, 2011: OPD responds violently to an Occupy Oakland “General Strike” protest: Suzi Spangenberg is hit with grenades and shot with less-lethal munitions; Scott Campbell is shot in the upper thigh with a beanbag round; Kayvan Sabeghi is beaten.

Nov. 14, 2011: The NLG and the ACLU file suit on behalf of those injured and arrested on the nights of Oct. 25 and Nov. 2.
Photograph by Geoffrey King

Jan. 24, 2012: The District Court finds OPD has failed to comply with the terms of the Riders settlement. OPD is on the brink of federal receivership; the department is stripped of independence and put under direct supervision and control of a compliance director, Thomas Frazier.

Jan. 28, 2012: OPD arrests 400 demonstrators. A case filed on behalf of those arrested is ongoing.

June 14, 2012: OPD's compliance director Frazier releases an investigative report into the department's response to Occupy Oakland, criticizing OPD's crowd-control and use-of-force practices.

June 24, 2013: Spalding et al v. City of Oakland settles for $1.025 million.

July 3, 2013: Campbell et al v. City of Oakland settles for $1.17 million. As part of the Spalding and Campbell settlements, the crowd-control policy is placed back under court supervision for four years, which can be expanded to seven years if violations occur.

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