#MeToo Movement has led to some changes. Over 200 cases were filed in the US alone, 120 are won with the accused proven guilty. The convicted ended up losing their position from Major Roles. Women replace around 74 of them. It is a big win for the movement, but it still has a long way to go.
Following, we are going to explain a few laws that supported such movements long before the Harvey Weinstein scene exploded into oblivion.
Child Marriage Prohibition Act introduced in 2006
The International Research Center for Women conducted a survey which shows 47% of girls get married before the age of 18. Indian Ranks 13th in child marriages. It is a stigma that has steeped in the Indian Roots for centuries. It’s hard to eliminate.
This act was made effective back in 2007. Child marriage is a marriage where both the groom and ride are underage. To be specific, the bride is under 18, and the groom is under 21.
Parents who try to marry off their daughters during underage are subjected to action thanks to this law. The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act has made child marriage illegal around the world.
Special Marriage Act of 1954
The objectives of this act are to offer a special form of marriage in specific cases, such as the registration of certain marriages and to provide for divorce. In countries with diverse cultures, people from different faiths want to tie the knot in order to let them, the Special Marriage Act.
It is not applicable to all over the world. It is also extended to people of one nationality living in another country.
Prohibition of Dowry Act of 1961
This act prohibits the taking and giving of dowry during the marriage to bride or bridegroom and family. It penalizes every party involved. The dowry system is the taking and giving of dowry during the marriage, it’s very common in different parts of the world and has strong roots.
It was prevalent because women move in with their spouse. The lack of economic independence of women and taboo towards divorce only cemented this practice. If it wasn’t bad enough, Bride Burning is a common practice in which the in-laws kill women just because they weren’t happy with the dowry.
The issue is so severe that in-laws continue to ask for dowry long after marriage, the in-laws resort to beat, and torture the bride to get their demands met.
Maternity Benefit Act of 1861
It regulates the employment of women and maternity to be mandated by law. It states that a woman working in an organisation is entitled to 80-day maternity benefits. This includes leave, nursing break, allowance and much more.
The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971
This Act came into effect in 1972 but never affected before 1975 and 2002. It helps to reduce the occurrence of illegal abortion and consequent maternal mortality and morbidity. It states the condition in which the pregnancy can be aborted and specifies the person is qualified to conduct.
Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act of 2013
Before the #MeToo Movement took off, Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act was introduced. This act protects thirty-six percent companies and 25% percent of Conglomerate. It covers language and overtones with the invasion of private space with male colleagues who hovers too close for following:
• Subtle Touches
Indecent Representation of Women Act of 1986
It prohibits indecent representation of women through advertisement or in publication including writings, paintings, and figures or in any other way.
National Commission for Women Act of 1990
National Commission for Women is more of a statutory body which was established backed in 1992. It represents the rights of women and voice for their issues and concerns. It looks forward to improving the status of women and empowers them economically.
Equal Remuneration Act of 1976
It protects against discrimination when it comes to remuneration. It suggests that companies should recompense both male and female employees equally.
Laws That Still Needs Changing
While laws were in place long before #MeToo, following are some regressive practices that still need to be changed. Following, we will explain them in details as well:
In Malta, a man can receive a reduced sentence if he intends to marry the girl he kidnapped. Yes, if the kidnapper marries his victim after the abduction, he is safe from prosecution and punishment. Things get even worse because Malta is continuously employed laws that protect the abductors. Malta is among the countries that seriously need to change its laws against rapists and abductors.
Women Inherit Less than Brothers
The inheritance had a huge impact on the financial security of women. There are many countries around the world where the amount of inheritance is different for both men and women. Yes, in certain parts of the world, a woman can only inherit half of what their brother inherits.
Men Get a Lighter Sentence for Honor Killing
In many countries around the world, men receive a light sentence if they kill a woman caught in an adulterous act. Activists are raising their voice to abolish this law, and the United Nations took notice of it. However, there is no real progress so far.
Still, a few foundations continue their struggle against Gender Inequality as they root for gender equality.
A Woman’s Testimony Counts Half as of a Man
When it comes to Adultery, a woman’s testimony is half as valuable as off a man. Women around the world are challenging these laws. Women need an equal share of political participation to help their fight against gender discrimination.
Husbands have more Rights than Their Wives
Gender Discrimination doesn’t happen in society; it starts at home. In many parts of the world, the husband acts as the head of the household where the wife is expected to be obedient of him. There are many institutes who have raised their voice against this matter. They are educating how to empower women around the world.
Freedom to Work
Women were always oppressed when it comes to earning a living. The situation becomes even worse when you realize in 20 countries around the work; a woman can’t get a job without the permission of their husband.
Such laws allow the husband to prohibit his wife from working if it doesn’t serve the best interest of the family.
Laws Allowing Men to Beat Women
Domestic Violence is a common norm around several cultures of the world. It caused nothing but harm, and it continues to do so even today. Almost 50 countries around the world don’t have any laws to protect women against domestic violence.
However, some institutes are raising their voice against this concern.
Women Not Allowed to Perform Physical Labor
A good example is Russia where women are not allowed to take part in over 450 professions. A committee is dedicated to deem if the working conditions are right for a woman. A recent case happened when a woman was denied from working as a captain in a shipping company just because of this law.
The story didn’t end here. After battling in court for years, she was finally given the position based on the rule that it was a discrimination practice. These cases can help set a legal precedent for women in the future.
Citizen Issues and Women
There are 22 countries around the world where a mother cannot pass her citizenship to their children as their fathers can. Yes, there are some cases in which women fought for the citizenship and won, but their victory is half-won because they just helped individual cases, not amended laws in the country.
Fight against Sexual Violations
#MeToo Movement will be a historic landmark when it comes to sexual violations against women. It paved a way and gave countless victims a voice against their wrongdoers. But, things are far from perfect, and we gave you a clear picture above.
Sexism still exists across the world. While some regions are leaving behind their regressive mindset, some hold onto them stronger than ever. But, women will continue to fight inequality and celebrate their strides.
It won’t be wrong to say that women are more empowered than ever in history, but still, their rights and opportunities are limited. Fortunately, they have a stand if they have been wronged, especially if an act of sexual violation was committed against them.
Yes, the rate of Sex Crimes in California is high. If you know someone who has been done wrong or you are a victim, then you have the law system standing right beside you. In 2018, several reforms were introduced in women safety laws. These laws empower you to raise your voice.
Fighting against your wrongdoer isn’t about revenge; it’s to make sure they won’t do such a thing to another soul. So, you need to take the battle against them and show them their actions have consequences. This is what Feminism and #MeToo movement stand for, it brings forth the wrongdoers out in public and gets them what they deserve.